The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines

The Navy’s four shipyards have experienced significant delays in completing maintenance on its submarines (all of which are nuclear-powered). In this report, the Congressional Budget Office examines the capacity of those shipyards to maintain the submarines and suggests options to reduce or mitigate delays. Two factors have been the primary causes of delays in the… Continue Reading The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines

An Analysis of the Navy’s December 2020 Shipbuilding Plan

Each year, as directed by the Congress, the Navy submits a report with the President’s budget describing the planned inventory, purchases, deliveries, and retirements of the ships in its fleet for the next 30 years. The Navy did not submit its 30-year shipbuilding plan with the fiscal year 2021 budget, but the Department of Defense… Continue Reading An Analysis of the Navy’s December 2020 Shipbuilding Plan

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans

The current and planned size and composition of the Navy, the annual rate of Navy ship procurement, the prospective affordability of the Navy’s shipbuilding plans, and the capacity of the U.S. shipbuilding industry to execute the Navy’s shipbuilding plans have been oversight matters for the congressional defense committees for many years. On December 9, 2020,… Continue Reading Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans

Navy Light Amphibious Warship (LAW) Program

The Navy’s new Light Amphibious Warship (LAW) program envisions procuring a class of 28 to 30 new amphibious ships to support the Marine Corps, particularly in implementing a new Marine Corps operational concept called Expeditionary Advanced Base Operations (EABO). The Navy’s proposed FY2021 budget requests $30 million in research and development funding for initial industry… Continue Reading Navy Light Amphibious Warship (LAW) Program

Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs

The Navy began procuring Arleigh Burke (DDG-51) class destroyers, also known as Aegis destroyers, in FY1985, and a total of 85 have been procured through FY2020, including three in FY2020. The Navy’s proposed FY2021 budget requests funding for the procurement of two more DDG-51s, which would be the 86th and 87th ships in the class.DDG-51s… Continue Reading Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs

Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Gun-Launched Guided Projectile

Three new ship-based weapons being developed by the Navy—solid state lasers (SSLs), the electromagnetic railgun (EMRG), and the gun-launched guided projectile (GLGP), also known as the hypervelocity projectile (HVP)—could substantially improve the ability of Navy surface ships to defend themselves against surface craft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), and eventually antiship cruise missiles (ASCMs).  Purchase this… Continue Reading Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Gun-Launched Guided Projectile

Navy Ship Names

Names for Navy ships traditionally have been chosen and announced by the Secretary of the Navy, under the direction of the President and in accordance with rules prescribed by Congress. Rules for giving certain types of names to certain types of Navy ships have evolved over time. There have been exceptions to the Navy’s ship-naming… Continue Reading Navy Ship Names

Navy Constellation (FFG-62) Class Frigate

The Constellation (FFG-62) class frigate program, previously known as the FFG(X) program, is a Navy program to build a class of 20 guided-missile frigates (FFGs). Congress funded the procurement of the first FFG-62 class ship in FY2020 at a cost of $1,281.2 million (i.e., about $1.3 billion). The Navy’s proposed FY2021 budget requests $1,053.1 million… Continue Reading Navy Constellation (FFG-62) Class Frigate

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans

The Trump Administration has identified the achievement of a Navy of 355 or more ships within 10 years as a high priority. The Navy states that it is working as well as it can, within a Navy budget top line that is essentially flat in real (i.e., inflation-adjusted terms), toward achieving that goal while also… Continue Reading Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans

Navy Frigate (FFG[X]) Program

The FFG(X) program is a Navy program to build a class of 20 guided-missile frigates (FFGs). Congress funded the procurement of the first FFG(X) in FY2020 at a cost of $1,281.2 million (i.e., about $1.3 billion). The Navy’s proposed FY2021 budget requests $1,053.1 million (i.e., about $1.1 billion) for the procurement of the second FFG(X).… Continue Reading Navy Frigate (FFG[X]) Program