U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2022 Request

This report is an overview of U.S. foreign assistance to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). It includes a brief historical review of foreign aid levels, a description of specific country programs, and analysis of current foreign aid issues. It also provides analysis of the Administration’s FY2022 budget request for State Department and U.S.… Continue Reading U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2022 Request

India-U.S. Relations

India is expected to become the world’s most populous country, home to about one of every six people. Many factors combine to infuse India’s government and people with “great power” aspirations: its rich civilization and history; expanding strategic horizons; energetic global and international engagement; critical geography (with more than 9,000 miles of land borders, many… Continue Reading India-U.S. Relations

Israel: May 2021 Violence and U.S. Relations

The following matters are of particular significance to U.S.-Israel relations, and are discussed here. * Violence and unrest over Gaza and Jerusalem. * Domestic issues: An end to or continuation of Netanyahu’s rule? * Palestinians and Arab state normalization * Iran and other regional issues. * China: Investments in Israel and U.S. concerns. Learn more… Continue Reading Israel: May 2021 Violence and U.S. Relations

Latin America 2020: Challenges to U.S. National Security Interests

U.S. national security interests in Latin America are undermined by three key threats: transnational criminal organizations, which exploit weak levels of governance across the majority of countries in the region; extra-regional actors, which fill the vacuum created by U.S. distraction and inattention to its neighborhood; and finally, a number of regional political actors embracing ideological… Continue Reading Latin America 2020: Challenges to U.S. National Security Interests

“Stage One” U.S.-Japan trade Agreements

On October 7, 2019, after six months of formal negotiations, the United States and Japan signed two agreements intended to liberalize bilateral trade. One, the U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement (USJTA), provides for limited tariff reductions and quota expansions to improve market access. The other, the U.S.-Japan Digital Trade Agreement, includes commitments pertaining to digital aspects of… Continue Reading “Stage One” U.S.-Japan trade Agreements

U.S. Role in the World

The U.S. role in the world refers to the overall character, purpose, or direction of U.S. participation in international affairs and the country’s overall relationship to the rest of the world. The U.S. role in the world can be viewed as establishing the overall context or framework for U.S. policymakers for developing, implementing, and measuring… Continue Reading U.S. Role in the World

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Recent debates about U.S. nuclear weapons have questioned what role weapons with shorter ranges and lower yields can play in addressing emerging threats in Europe and Asia. These weapons, often referred to as nonstrategic nuclear weapons, have not been limited by past U.S.-Russian arms control agreements, although some analysts argue such limits would be of… Continue Reading Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Renewed Great Power Competition: Implications for Defense

World events in recent years have led observers, particularly since late 2013, to conclude that the international security environment in recent years has undergone a shift from the post-Cold War era that began in the late 1980s and early 1990s, also sometimes known as the unipolar moment (with the United States as the unipolar power),… Continue Reading Renewed Great Power Competition: Implications for Defense

Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2019

This report lists hundreds of instances in which the United States has used its Armed Forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict or for other than normal peacetime purposes. It was compiled in part from various older lists and is intended primarily to provide a rough survey of past U.S. military ventures… Continue Reading Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2019