Navy LPD-17 Flight II and LHA Amphibious Ship Programs

This report discusses two types of amphibious ships being procured for the Navy: LPD-17 Flight II class amphibious ships and LHA-type amphibious assault ships. Both types are built by Huntington Ingalls Industries/Ingalls Shipbuilding (HII/Ingalls) of Pascagoula, MS. Section 124 of the FY2021 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) provides authority for the Navy to use a… Continue Reading Navy LPD-17 Flight II and LHA Amphibious Ship Programs

Navy Constellation (FFG-62) Class Frigate Program

The Navy began procuring Constellation (FFG-62) class frigates (FFGs) in FY2020, and wants to procure a total of 20 FFG-62s. Congress funded the first FFG-62 in FY2020 at a cost of $1,281.2 million (i.e., about $1.3 billion) and the second in FY2021 at a cost of $1,053.1 million (i.e., about $1.1 billion). The Navy’s proposed… Continue Reading Navy Constellation (FFG-62) Class Frigate Program

National Security Council: Background and Issues

On February 4, 2021, President Joseph R. Biden signed National Security Memorandum (NSM)- 2, Renewing the National Security Council System. In it, the Biden Administration articulates how it intends to manage and coordinate national security issues among relevant departments and agencies. This report offers a brief historical overview of the formation of the National Security… Continue Reading National Security Council: Background and Issues

FY2021 Defense Appropriations Act: Context and Selected Issues

The Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2021, provided funding for an end-strength of 2.15 million military personnel in the active and reserve components—10,300 more personnel than the FY2020 enacted amount—and for a 3% military pay raise. The legislation provided funding in new appropriation accounts for the Space Force (e.g., Procurement, Space Force and Research, Development,… Continue Reading FY2021 Defense Appropriations Act: Context and Selected Issues

China’s Military: The People’s Liberation Army (PLA)

China presents its military posture as purely defensive, serving only to protect China’s legitimate sovereign interests. It calls its national military strategy “active defense,” a concept that prescribes the ways in which China can defend its interests and prevail over a militarily superior adversary. This strategy allows for the use of offensive operational and tactical… Continue Reading China’s Military: The People’s Liberation Army (PLA)

EU Agricultural Domestic Support: Overview and Comparison with the United States

The European Union (EU) is one of the United States’ chief agricultural trading partners and a major competitor in world markets. Historically, the United States and the EU have provided significant government support for their agricultural sectors. Significant structural differences in their respective farm sectors have helped to shape differences in their farm policy. The… Continue Reading EU Agricultural Domestic Support: Overview and Comparison with the United States

The Lincoln Assassination

The Lincoln Assassination Staff Ride Guide presents a historical account of the infamous plot to assassinate the president and several of his cabinet members. Using this book as a reference and guide, staff ride participants will study significant political, strategic, legal, and military lessons; analyze decision-making processes during times of crisis; and revisit the historic sites… Continue Reading The Lincoln Assassination

Iran’s Nuclear Program: Tehran’s Compliance with International Obligations

Several U.N. Security Council resolutions adopted between 2006 and 2010 required Iran to cooperate fully with the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA’s) investigation of its nuclear activities, suspend its uranium enrichment program, suspend its construction of a heavy-water reactor and related projects, and ratify the Additional Protocol to its IAEA safeguards agreement. Iran did not… Continue Reading Iran’s Nuclear Program: Tehran’s Compliance with International Obligations

The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines

The Navy’s four shipyards have experienced significant delays in completing maintenance on its submarines (all of which are nuclear-powered). In this report, the Congressional Budget Office examines the capacity of those shipyards to maintain the submarines and suggests options to reduce or mitigate delays. Two factors have been the primary causes of delays in the… Continue Reading The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines

An Analysis of the Navy’s December 2020 Shipbuilding Plan

Each year, as directed by the Congress, the Navy submits a report with the President’s budget describing the planned inventory, purchases, deliveries, and retirements of the ships in its fleet for the next 30 years. The Navy did not submit its 30-year shipbuilding plan with the fiscal year 2021 budget, but the Department of Defense… Continue Reading An Analysis of the Navy’s December 2020 Shipbuilding Plan