Ethiopia’s Transition and the Tigray Conflict

The conflict in Ethiopia’s Tigray region has fueled a large-scale humanitarian crisis and attracted international concern, amid reports of starvation and atrocities. The war has taken a heavy human and economic toll, and it is spreading beyond Tigray. The Ethiopian government has resisted various calls for peace talks with Tigrayan insurgents, led by the Tigrayan… Continue Reading Ethiopia’s Transition and the Tigray Conflict

Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2021

This report lists hundreds of instances in which the United States has used its Armed Forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict or for other than normal peacetime purposes. It was compiled in part from various older lists and is intended primarily to provide a rough survey of past U.S. military ventures… Continue Reading Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2021

Maintaining the High Ground: The Profession and Ethic in Large-Scale Combat Operations

Volume 10 of the United States Army’s Large Scale Combat Operations book series, Maintaining the High Ground: The Profession and Ethic in Large-Scale Combat Operations combines discussions and historical case studies from the past seventy-five years to address ethical challenges for the Army Profession. Healthy and functioning professions facilitate the employment of expert knowledge to serve… Continue Reading Maintaining the High Ground: The Profession and Ethic in Large-Scale Combat Operations

Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency: Volume III: Integrated Base Defense Principles for Commanders

  This third and final volume in the Air University Press monograph series Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency provides concise principles designed to assist Air Force and Space Force commanders in better understanding their role in base defense to better protect their people, resources, and war-fighting assets. Volume I of this book… Continue Reading Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency: Volume III: Integrated Base Defense Principles for Commanders

Azerbaijan and Armenia: The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

  In autumn 2020, a six-week war in the South Caucasus reshaped the dynamics of a decades-old conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia. The dispute centers on the predominantly Armenian populated region of Nagorno-Karabakh (or Mountainous Karabakh, also known in Armenian as Artsakh) and surrounding territories internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan. The war has resulted… Continue Reading Azerbaijan and Armenia: The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

To the Last Man: A National Guard Regiment in the Great War, 1917-1919

  Historian and Army Captain Jonathan Bratten provides the rich history of a Maine National Guard unit, the 103rd Infantry Regiment, and their mobilization, training, and wartime experiences during the Great War. Lessons exist throughout the book and Bratten’s storytelling brings to life America’s relationship with World War I in the stories of men who… Continue Reading To the Last Man: A National Guard Regiment in the Great War, 1917-1919

Crafting Strategy for Irregular Warfare: A Framework for Analysis and Action

The 2018 U.S. National Defense Strategy made headlines by officially downgrading terrorism as a national security priority in favor of “inter-state strategic competition.” Many interpreted the statement as signifying a return to “conventional combat,” yet a closer reading suggests that even state-based competition is likely to be “irregular.” Much like insurgent adversaries, states blend separate… Continue Reading Crafting Strategy for Irregular Warfare: A Framework for Analysis and Action

System Overload: Can China’s Military Be Distracted in a War over Taiwan?

A war with Taiwan remains the primary contingency of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). While the near-term prospects of China initiating a war are low due to the enormous economic costs and military risks, the PLA must still prepare to compel Taiwan’s leaders to accept unification or, barring that, to seize and occupy the island.… Continue Reading System Overload: Can China’s Military Be Distracted in a War over Taiwan?

How China Wins: A Case Study of the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War

This Art of War Paper examines whether or not China won a strategic victory in its invasion of Vietnam in 1979, and what relevance that victory may have on today’s study of Chinese strategy and military thought. Other studies have focused on the regional issues that led China and Vietnam to war in February 1979.… Continue Reading How China Wins: A Case Study of the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War