Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Gun-Launched Guided Projectile

This report provides background information and issues for Congress on three potential new ship-based self-defense weapons for the Navy—solid state lasers (SSLs), the electromagnetic railgun (EMRG), and the gun-launched guided projectile (GLGP), also known as the hypervelocity projectile (HVP).   More at  

Navy Large Unmanned Surface and Undersea Vehicles

The Navy wants to develop and procure three types of large unmanned vehicles (UVs) called Large Unmanned Surface Vehicles (LUSVs), Medium Unmanned Surface Vehicles (MUSVs), and Extra-Large Unmanned Undersea Vehicles (XLUUVs). The Navy’s proposed FY2022 budget requests $434.1 million in research and development funding for these large UVs and their enabling technologies. The Navy wants… Continue Reading Navy Large Unmanned Surface and Undersea Vehicles

U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces

Even though the United States has reduced the number of warheads deployed on its long-range missiles and bombers, consistent with the terms of the 2010 New START Treaty, it is also developing new delivery systems for deployment over the next 10-30 years. At the present time, the U.S. land-based ballistic missile force (ICBMs) consists of… Continue Reading U.S. Strategic Nuclear Forces

Navy Light Amphibious Warship (LAW) Program

The Navy’s new Light Amphibious Warship (LAW) program envisions procuring a class of 24to 35 new amphibious ships to support the Marine Corps, particularly in implementing a new Marine Corps operational concept called Expeditionary Advanced Base Operations (EABO). (A June 17, 2021, long-range Navy shipbuilding document envisions procuring a total of 24 to 35 LAWs,… Continue Reading Navy Light Amphibious Warship (LAW) Program

Weapon Systems Annual Assessment

GAO’s 19th annual assessment of the Department of Defense’s (DOD) weapon programs comes at a time of significant internal changes to the department’s acquisition process. Specifically, DOD began implementing its new acquisition framework intended to, among other things, deliver solutions to the end user in a timely manner. However, GAO found that many programs have… Continue Reading Weapon Systems Annual Assessment

Precision-Guided Munitions

Over the years, the U.S. military has become reliant on precision-guided munitions (PGMs) to execute military operations. PGMs are used in ground, air, and naval operations. Defined by the Department of Defense (DOD) as “[a] guided weapon intended to destroy a point target and minimize collateral damage,” PGMs can include air- and ship-launched missiles, multiple… Continue Reading Precision-Guided Munitions

Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs

The Navy began procuring Arleigh Burke (DDG-51) class destroyers, also known as Aegis destroyers, in FY1985, and a total of 87 have been procured through FY2021, including two in FY2021. From FY1989 through FY2005, DDG-51s were procured in annual quantities of two to five ships per year. Since FY2010, they have been procured in annual… Continue Reading Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs

Navy LPD-17 Flight II and LHA Amphibious Ship Programs

This report discusses two types of amphibious ships being procured for the Navy: LPD-17 Flight II class amphibious ships and LHA-type amphibious assault ships. Both types are built by Huntington Ingalls Industries/Ingalls Shipbuilding (HII/Ingalls) of Pascagoula, MS. Section 124 of the FY2021 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) provides authority for the Navy to use a… Continue Reading Navy LPD-17 Flight II and LHA Amphibious Ship Programs

Navy Constellation (FFG-62) Class Frigate Program

The Navy began procuring Constellation (FFG-62) class frigates (FFGs) in FY2020, and wants to procure a total of 20 FFG-62s. Congress funded the first FFG-62 in FY2020 at a cost of $1,281.2 million (i.e., about $1.3 billion) and the second in FY2021 at a cost of $1,053.1 million (i.e., about $1.1 billion). The Navy’s proposed… Continue Reading Navy Constellation (FFG-62) Class Frigate Program

The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines

The Navy’s four shipyards have experienced significant delays in completing maintenance on its submarines (all of which are nuclear-powered). In this report, the Congressional Budget Office examines the capacity of those shipyards to maintain the submarines and suggests options to reduce or mitigate delays. Two factors have been the primary causes of delays in the… Continue Reading The Capacity of the Navy’s Shipyards to Maintain Its Submarines