The People of the PLA 2.0

This volume examines how the structure, education, training, and recruitment of PLA personnel have changed in the last decade and in the Xi Jinping era. Structural changes in the PLA have centered around two poles: improving the warfighting readiness of the PLA and strengthening Communist Party of China (CPC) control of the PLA. Reforms to… Continue Reading The People of the PLA 2.0

Chinese Tactics: Army Techniques Publication 7-100.3

Chinese Tactics is the United States Army’s latest in-depth study of the tactics and capabilities utilized by likely U.S. adversaries. “These manuals are unique in the level of detail they provide,” writes US Army intelligence analyst Jennifer Dunn who was involved in writing the book. Compiled from intelligence data as well as translated Chinese documents,… Continue Reading Chinese Tactics: Army Techniques Publication 7-100.3

U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas

In an international security environment described as one of renewed great power competition, the South China Sea (SCS) has emerged as an arena of U.S.-China strategic competition. China’s actions in the SCS in recent years—including extensive island-building and base-construction activities at sites that it occupies in the Spratly Islands, as well as actions by its… Continue Reading U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities

In an era of renewed great power competition, China’s military modernization effort, including its naval modernization effort, has become the top focus of U.S. defense planning and budgeting. China’s navy, which China has been steadily modernizing for more than 25 years, since the early to mid-1990s, has become a formidable military force within China’s near-seas… Continue Reading China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities

PLA Beyond Borders: Chinese Military Operations in Regional and Global Context

No longer confined to China’s land territory or its near abroad, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is conducting increasingly complex operations farther and farther from China’s continental borders. Within Asia, the PLA now regularly operates into the far reaches of the South China Sea and deep into the Western Pacific, enforcing China’s territorial claims and… Continue Reading PLA Beyond Borders: Chinese Military Operations in Regional and Global Context

China’s Military: The People’s Liberation Army (PLA)

China presents its military posture as purely defensive, serving only to protect China’s legitimate sovereign interests. It calls its national military strategy “active defense,” a concept that prescribes the ways in which China can defend its interests and prevail over a militarily superior adversary. This strategy allows for the use of offensive operational and tactical… Continue Reading China’s Military: The People’s Liberation Army (PLA)

Strategic Assessment 2020: Into a New Era of Great Power Competition

This strategic assessment is both firmly focused on the dynamics of contemporary Great Power competition (GPC) and respectful of past strategic assessments generated by the Institute for National Strategic Studies (INSS) over the course of almost 40 years As an homage to the format of several historical INSS strategic assessments, this one begins with a… Continue Reading Strategic Assessment 2020: Into a New Era of Great Power Competition

Renewed Great Power Competition: Implications for Defense

The post-Cold War era of international relations—which began in the early 1990s and is sometimes referred to as the unipolar moment (with the United States as the unipolar power)—showed initial signs of fading in 2006-2008, and by 2014 had given way to a fundamentally different situation of renewed great power competition with China and Russia… Continue Reading Renewed Great Power Competition: Implications for Defense

U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas

In an international security environment described as one of renewed great power competition, the South China Sea (SCS) has emerged as an arena of U.S.-China strategic competition. U.S.-China strategic competition in the SCS forms an element of the Trump Administration’s more confrontational overall approach toward China, and of the Administration’s efforts for promoting its construct… Continue Reading U.S.-China Strategic Competition in South and East China Seas

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities

  In an era of renewed great power competition, China’s military modernization effort, including its naval modernization effort, has become the top focus of U.S. defense planning and budgeting. China’s navy, which China has been steadily modernizing for more than 25 years, since the early to mid-1990s, has become a formidable military force within China’s… Continue Reading China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities