Cybersecurity: Selected Cyberattacks, 2012-2021

Cyberincidents affect nearly every national entity, from federal and state government agencies to private companies and individuals. One course of action to stymie attacks has been to investigate who the adversaries are that conduct cyberattacks, what types of activities they conduct online, and how the U.S. government can identify them. This report describes attribution in cyberspace, confidence of attribution, and common types of cyberattack. Listed in this report are two categories of cyberattacks by foreign adversaries against entities in the United States: 23 cyberattack campaigns that the federal government has attributed to actors operating on behalf of other nation-states, and 30 cyberattacks the government has attributed to criminal actors seeking personal gain.  Purchase on Amazon