Russia: Domestic Politics and Economy

Over the course of his 20 years of rule, Russian President Vladimir Putin has consolidated an authoritarian system of governance that has benefitted himself and a close group of colleagues and led Russia to take increasingly aggressive actions abroad. At the same time, Putin presided over Russia’s recovery from the economic collapse of the 1990s and reemergence as a global power, which earned him popular support. Russia currently exhibits some signs of political and economic change. Russia’s economic growth has slowed, popular support for Putin has declined, and expressions of public discontent have appeared more frequently. Since 2020, the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has negatively affected the Russian economy further and appears to have led to a new drop in public approval of the Russian government. In June 2020, the International Monetary Fund projected that Russia’s gross domestic product (GDP) will contract by 6.6% in 2020. Although it is difficult to predict the course of developments, many observers express a new level of uncertainty about Russia’s political and economic future .This report addresses Russian domestic politics, the Russian economy, and related U.S. policy.   Purchase this book