Ongoing discussion around the Russian development of hybrid warfare and the revelations about meddling in the 2016 United States Presidential election have focused the public’s attention on the threats posed by coordinated campaigns of propaganda and disinformation. These recent events have also raised concerns around the broader challenge posed by the emergence of… Continue Reading Maneuver and Manipulation: On the Military Strategy of Online Information Warfare
Maj. Lawrence O. Jones, U.S. Marine Corps, explores cognitive radio cloud networks, or CRCN, as a solution to mitigate the growing problem of DOD access to the electromagnetic spectrum due to a heavily congested and contested environment. The collision between technological advances in software-defined radios, machine learning and cloud computing have created the opportunity to… Continue Reading Cognitive Radio Cloud Networks: Assured Access in the Future Electromagnetic Operating Environment
This study analyzes the emergent field of cyber warfare through the lens of commonly accepted tenets of ethical warfare. By comparing the foundational understanding of concepts that determine the justice of wars (jus ad bellum) and justice in war (jus en bello) with the capabilities cyber warfare offers, this work highlights both causes for concern… Continue Reading A Better State of War: Surmounting the Ethical Cliff in Cyber Warfare
In August 2018 Air University brought together a diverse group of leading subject matter experts to address current challenges in the electromagnetic spectrum. This report summarizes insights, conclusions, and recommendations developed during the inaugural Electromagnetic Defense Task Force.
As the Supreme Court has recognized, social media sites like Facebook and Twitter have become important venues for users to exercise free speech rights protected under the First Amendment. Commentators and legislators, however, have questioned whether these social media platforms are living up to their reputation as digital public forums. Some have expressed concern that… Continue Reading Free Speech and the Regulation of Social Media Content
In 2015, the Department of Defense (DoD) released the DoD Cyber Strategy which explicitly calls for a comprehensive strategy to provide credible deterrence in cyberspace against threats from key state and nonstate actors. To be effective, such activities must be coordinated with ongoing deterrence efforts in the physical realm, especially those of near-peers impacting critical… Continue Reading The Army Role in Achieving Deterrence in Cyberspace
Cyberspace operations have become pervasive in the United States, and they enable many aspects of modern life for the average citizen, such as entertainment, communication, education, transportation, banking, and voting. The continuing development of the U.S. Army and Department of Defense (DoD) Reserve component cyberspace units can leverage the capabilities and experience of industry and… Continue Reading Examining the Roles of Army Reserve Component Forces in Military Cyberspace Operations
The first 7 years of U.S. Cyber Command operations are paved with milestones that mark the steady operationalization of modern cyberspace as the newest domain of military conflict as well as a realm of international power. The creation of the Cyber Mission Force and Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber are significant steps toward improving the timeliness and… Continue Reading Implications of Service Cyberspace Component Commands for Army Cyberspace Operations
There are many risks to the U.S. Army’s command and control (C2) operations and to its intelligence and information warfare (IW) capabilities. The challenges include: significant uncertainty; sudden unexpected events; high noise and clutter levels in intelligence pictures; basic and complex deceptions exercised through a variety of channels; the actions of hidden malign actors; and… Continue Reading Maintaining Information Dominance in Complex Environments
This Strategic Studies Institute book provides a comprehensive research guide to radical Islamist English-language online magazines, eBooks, and assorted radical Islamist news magazines, reports, and pocketbooks published between April-May 2007 and November 2016, and generates strategic insights and policy response options.